10 Amazing Facts About Spain

Spain is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula and is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea France Atlantic Ocean and Portugal. Spain is separated from France by the Pyrenees a protective mountain barrier between the two countries the Strait of Gibraltar divides Spain from Africa which at its narrowest is about 15 kilometers or 9 miles wide this eased the invasion of the Moors in the eighth century during the rise of the Islamic caliphate the Arab presence lasted until the end of the 15th century when Christian Spanish kingdoms unified modern Spain. This unification helped Spain compete with other maritime powers such as the United Kingdom and continental powers like France.

Spain's access to the Mediterranean and the North Atlantic along with its need for natural resources promoted its consolidation into one of the greatest naval and colonial powers of Europe. While Spain has had external challenges its main Geographic challenge comes from within.

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Spain's core is Madrid the country's capital most populated city and political center. Madrid sits on Spain's Meseta central and was chosen as the capital in the 16th century to allow more centralized control of the country but Spain's mountainous terrain has historically determined its political life by hindering communication between different regions within the country. This geography has led to the emergence of regionalist and separatist movements especially in Catalonia and the Basque Country. Spain's challenge then is to bring about a truly united nation with a balance of power between the central government in Madrid and the autonomous regions especially as the European crisis is threatening its stability. Here are 10 Amazing Facts About Spain:

1. Characteristics of Spain 

Spain or the kingdom of spain is the second largest country in the european union after france it measures up at around 506.000 square kilometers. Spain is a dry plateau surrounded and crisscrossed by mountains the river flows to the coast creating good agricultural land. Spain's highest mountain is mount with 3718 meters this mountain is situated in the canary islands and is an active volcano.

2. Spanish (Language)

Spanish is the world's top 10 most spoken native language with over 570 million speakers. Although spanish is the majority language spain has four co-official languages they are catalan basque galician and erinese.

3. Full of World Heritage Site

Spain is home to a whopping 47 unesco world heritage sites as of july 2019, the third highest in the world these include historic cities monumental churches and more number five more than 150.000 tomatoes are thrown at la tomatina this food fight festival is a religious celebration meant to honor the patron saint san luis bertrand and the virgin mary.

4. Nudity is Legal 

Nudity is legal in spain with its mediterranean climate of hot dry summers and mild wet winters you might be tempted to strip off while in spain.

5. Seasons in Spain 

Spain has hot summers cold and dry winters and frequent droughts plants and trees on the northwest coast galicia and the bay of biscay grow well so the area is called green spain the trees are in full bloom here and bays break through the coastline the southern and eastern coasts of spain from the fertile and illusion plains to the pyrenees are blown by the warm wind commonly known as siraco which originates in north africa and maintains the temperature of the mediterranean coast people and culture many spaniards share background of a common ethnic the early inhabitants of the iberian peninsula the celts and later a mixture of european and african conquerors the origin of the basques in northern.

6. The National Dish of Spain

Although many foreigners see paella as the spanish national dish many spaniards don't that's because most locals see the colorful rice dish as a valencian dish not a national one.

7. The Majority Religion in Spain

Despite the importance of religion in spanish culture apparently only 13.6 of spain's population actually goes to church every Sunday. 

8. The Altamira Cave

Near santa underlies the altamira cave in this cave a lot of prehistoric drawings have been discovered of very varied shape and meaning.

9. Home for Migratory Birds

Spain is an important habitat for migratory birds. Key migration spots in Spain include Playa de los Lances, Cazalla, the Marismas de Barbate and Punta Carnero. You can watch migrating birds of prey and find migrating passerines, seabirds and shorebirds.

10. Home for Unique Mammals

Spain is also home to mammals such as wolves lynxes wild cats foxes wild boars deer hares and wild goats barbel tench and trout are commonly found in streams and lakes however many wildlife species are threatened by habitat loss and pollution due to hundreds of years of deforestation today large tracts of forest can be found only in the northern pyrenees and asturias galicia.

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